New dyestuff in sixteenth-century Europe

New dyeing materials became more and more available to dyers in the Low Countries and were gradually incorporated in the black dyeing process as a result of trade expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Southeast Asia by the beginning of the sixteenth century. New sources as Campeche logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum L.), Mexican logwood (Haematoxylum brasiletto L.), camwood (Baphia nitida Afzel. Ex Lodd.), brazilwood (Paubrasilia echinata (Lam.)), old fustic (Maclura tinctoria (L.) Steud.), Indigo pigment (Indigofera tinctoria L.), domestic cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) and wild cochineals (Dactylopius ceylonicus (Green.) & Dactylopius confusus (Cockerell)). These sources (with the exception of indigo pigment) would not have been used by early Burgundian dyers in the fifteenth century.